Children With Special Needs
Special Needs We Cater To
We cater to multiple special needs, but with a single underlying approach every child is a child first and then a child with special needs. There are certain issues mostly common to various special needs like display of emotions, social interaction, sensory integration, learning difficulties, issues in inclusion etc. in addition to specific requirements of the nature of special need. Broadly we cater to the following special needs:
The National Institute of Open Schooling enables adolescents with learning problems take up exams of X and XII. We run coaching facilities for this group under the expertise of teachers having the right knowledge as well as techniques to teach this group.
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Special Needs We Work With
Crafting lives is a speech and occupational therapy center in Indirapuram Ghaziabad. We have children with different needs and at varying levels of severity. We work with children with autism (ASD), hyperactivity (ADHD), Down Syndrome, Intellectual impairments. All kinds of learning problems, Sensory Processing issues (SPD), Speech delays, Aphasia, articulation problems, Hearing problems etc. We also work with Behavior issues, Social, emotional and communication deficits. Broadly, we work with the following Children Special Needs:
This can be simply defined as a problem with making sounds. Broadly they include articulation disorders, fluency problems and voice disorders. Children who have speech delays can have problems in either understanding (Receptive) or speech (Expressive) or both. They can also show misarticulation, stammering and stuttering.
Autism is a typical neuro-developmental disorder that generally appears during the first three years of life. It mainly affects brain areas controlling language, social interaction and abstract thought.
It is a term that refers to a group of disorders in listening, speaking, writing, reading and mathematics. Learning disabled has difficulty in specific academic aspects like speaking, reading, writing etc. Which may be due to brain dysfunction.
Sensory integration, or sensory processing, is the ability to take in information through our senses (touch, movement, smell, taste, vision and hearing), put it together with prior information, memories, and knowledge stored in the brain, and respond without over or under reacting. They are either ‘stimulation seeking’ or ‘stimulation avoiding’ and the symptoms vary from mild to severe.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neuro-developmental type in which there are significant problems of attention, hyperactivity, or acting impulsively that are not appropriate for a person's age. ‘Hyperactivity’ is a lot more than ‘being naughty’ and ideally should not be used for an otherwise well settled child.
A developmental delay child is one who has not gained the developmental skills expected of him or her, compared to others of the same age. Delays may occur in the areas of motor function, speech and language, cognitive, play, and social skills. There can be global developmental delay, where the child is seen lagging in most areas of development. Others may show specific development delays, like in speech, or fine motor skills.
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. This extra genetic material causes the developmental changes and physical features of Down syndrome. The syndrome varies in severity among individuals, causing lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays. It's the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children.
Who are Children with Special Needs?
The contemporary terminology in usage is that of ‘Children with Special Needs’ which entirely focuses on the special needs the child has. This nomenclature is widely considered to constitute a major change from the previous framework based on handicap and categorization. This concept is more positive as firstly, the child is the focus and then his/her need and secondly it is concerned with everything about the child’s abilities and disabilities as well as resources and constraints in the environment that affects progress. The special needs is an umbrella which highlights any deviance from the normal; be it intellectual, sensory, motor, behavioral and personality, academic or social.
Whatever the nature of their special need, these children witness a plethora of social and emotional problems because of being ‘different’ from their counterparts. The ‘deviance’ can make them stigmatized and withdrawn, witness adjustment difficulties, emotional instability, impaired communication, and low self esteem, lack of security and so on. And this is where we, the society needs to pitch in, to show faith in these children, in their abilities and differences, in their ‘being special’.
As was beautifully portrayed by films like ‘Taare Zameen Par’, Children with Special Needs are just able like any other individual and we need to recognize that hidden ability in them, we have to accept them both with their abilities and disabilities, we have to accept them like any other child. This acceptance of one’s strengths and limitations is the philosophy behind a totally inclusive environment.